Introduction: With the emphasis today on holistic approaches to health care, the dentist/orthodontist can benefit from an awareness of the causes of functional malocclusions. There can be little disagreement that tongue pressures during swallowing, speech, and resting position, may be a contributing factor to certain malocclusions. This article is not intended to provide a comprehensive examination protocol but rather to raise the awareness of the dental community to tongue related malocclusions. Dentists and orthodontists may be in a position to see the beginning stages of many preventable problems. Early detection and intervention can be beneficial to the patient.
Mikell, B. (1984). Recognizing tongue related malocclusions, International Journal of Orofacial Myology, 10 (3), 12-16.