nasal respiration, mouth breathing, corporeal posture, mandibular relations, videography/pictorial documentation.
The research within this article seeks to verify and demonstrate the consequences of mouth breathing versus nasal respiration and to view supposed postural alterations in groups of children within specific age ranges. The authors state that children with nasal respiration, age 8 and above, present with better posture than those who continue oral breathing beyond age 8. The importance of picture documentation is stressed in order to provide the most information regarding postural changes. A review of research and literature is provided in the article.
Krakauer, L. H., & Guilherme, A. (2000). Relationship between mouth breathing and postural alterations of children: A descriptive analysis, International Journal of Orofacial Myology, 26 (1), 13-23.