In recent years, a wealth of studies revealed the many physiological and histological changes the oropharyngeal muscles go through as a result of sleep disorders, in particular, as a result of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). This article presents a literature review of the most recent findings regarding sleep disorders and their effect on oropharyngeal structures. The article includes classifications and definitions of various sleep disorders; explains the negative implications of sleep disorders in children, as well as in adults; reviews the viable options to treat sleep disorders; suggests steps in which the orofacial myologists could be instrumental in identifying and referring patients with possible sleep disorders; and suggests further studies on the subject conducted by orofacial myologists.
(2003). Oral structures and sleep disorders: A literature review.
International Journal of Orofacial Myology,