Juvenile Dermatomyositis, Oral Manifestations, Oral Health Considerations
Juvenile Dermatomyositis is the most common inflammatory myositis in children, distinguished by proximal muscle weakness, a characteristic rash and Gottron’s papules. The oral lesions most commonly manifest as diffuse stomatitis and pharyngitis with halitosis. We report a case of an 8 year old male with proximal muscle weakness of all four limbs, rash, Gottron’s papules and oral manifestations. Oral health professionals must be aware of the extraoral and intraoral findings of this rare, but potentially life threatening autoimmune disease of childhood, for early diagnosis, treatment, prevention of long-term complications and to improve the prognosis and hence, the quality of life for the patient.
Ruparelia, P., et al. (2018). Juvenile dermatomyositis - A case report with review on oral manifestations and oral health considerations, International Journal of Orofacial Myology, 44 (1), 52-61.